Two audits by the European Fee’s well being and security physique have checked out meat controls in Uruguay and France. The audit studies have been launched just lately.
The digital audit by DG Sante in Uruguay in June 2021 lined beef and sheep meat for export to Europe.
A earlier audit in 2016 highlighted deficiencies associated to testing of beef for Salmonella in consignments despatched to Sweden and Finland and animal welfare monitoring.
In 2021, there have been 30 institutions permitted to export bovine or ovine meat to the EU. Virtually 18,500 tons of beef was despatched to Europe in 2020 in comparison with 216 tons of sheep meat.
The latest audit report revealed ample enforcement powers, traceability and checks to make sure exported merchandise meet EU requirements.
Auditors discovered some gaps within the nationwide authority’s data or understanding of sure EU necessities, leading to approval of lactic acid to scale back floor contamination in sheep carcasses. Nonetheless, earlier than the audit had ended, officers had despatched a letter to workers informing them using lactic acid to scale back contamination can solely be used on beef carcasses.
The audit additionally recognized shortcomings within the authority’s procedures to confirm meals enterprise compliance with microbiological standards own-checks. Directions don’t require official veterinarians to verify that sampling is finished in accordance with EU guidelines. At one slaughterhouse the official veterinarian had accepted different sampling and testing procedures that had not been validated as equal with the strategies in EU laws.
The governmental microbiological sampling program included 1,725 samples from beef carcasses in 2020 and just one was optimistic.
From June 2019 to June 2021, Uruguay acquired eight Fast Alert System for Meals and Feed (RASFF) studies from the EU that had been due to detection of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli in bovine meat. Auditors verified the trigger was investigated with actions taken and verified to forestall a reoccurrence.
The opposite distant audit, in France, in November and December 2020 assessed the manufacturing of bovine meat, together with traceability and gathered info on the poultry sector.
For ante-mortem and autopsy inspection of bovine animals, guidelines don’t guarantee an official veterinarian (OV) is current within the slaughterhouse always. This implies some duties could also be carried out by the official auxiliary beneath the duty, relatively than with the supervision of the OV, which is towards EU guidelines.
Info given to the audit staff reveals that official veterinarians at slaughterhouses can settle for animals which have suffered an accident as being match for transport. This isn’t in keeping with EU necessities because the journey could trigger extra struggling.
Authorities have additionally not launched any measures to make sure that non-public veterinarians act independently and are free from conflicts of curiosity when performing official duties.
Accessible knowledge suggests 880 poultry slaughterhouses, answerable for 30 p.c of nationwide manufacturing, aren’t working in keeping with EU necessities on the presence of official workers, primarily due to recruitment difficulties.
The audit discovered ante-mortem and autopsy inspections in websites slaughtering greater than 150,000 poultry per yr don’t at all times happen beneath the supervision of the OV. In websites slaughtering lower than 150,000 poultry per yr, the ante-mortem inspection shouldn’t be carried out beneath the supervision of the OV.
The place the autopsy inspection takes place beneath the duty of the OV, the presence of the official auxiliary shouldn’t be ensured. That is towards EU regulation that states slaughterhouse workers could solely carry out such duties beneath instruction, and within the presence, of the OV or official auxiliary.
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